Treatment for Alcohol Addiction and Abuse
There is a strong factor which affects most addicts and makes it hard for a patient to quit consumption of drugs, even if it is destroying his or her body and internal organs. This factor is the physical dependence. In other words, if consumption of that drug (alcohol is one of them) is interrupted, the body will exhibit a series of changes and symptoms known as withdrawal syndrome. Withdrawal syndrome is often characterized by strong physiological disorders that occur because the body is accustomed to getting a daily dose of a particular drug and now it “needs” it.
Another very important factor is the psychological dependence. In other words, the patient might feel an urgent need for resuming the consumption of drugs. When this urge is not satisfied, the patient will experience deep emotional discomfort. There are different types of treatment according to needs and situation of each person, and sometimes professionals’ advice for custom made treatments, also known as personalized treatments.
One known process for treating alcohol addiction is the Minnesota model, which is based on the twelve steps of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA). This kind of treatment might include behavioral cognitive therapy, group therapy, psychodrama, systemic family therapy, transactional therapy, Gestalt therapy as well as chemical treatment, found in neuroscience and psychiatry. It is essential to strike the right balance between the environment of the individual and the types of treatment, as well as the particular problems and needs of each individual.
The idea is that it should be possible for every patient who seeks or needs help to be able to return to productive functioning in their family, social and working environment, as well as society. In addition to counseling and psychotherapy, the patient needs physiological and medical checkups, psychiatric follow ups, family therapy, vocational rehabilitation and maybe even social and legal services.